下载升级包

首先下载新版文件,点击下方链接中任意一个,进入你的路由器架构,然后搜索路由器型号,如果你已经是 Openwrt/LEDE 系统,可以下载升级包*-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin,如果不是,则要下载完整安装包*-squashfs-factory.img。

官方下载

中科大

清华大学

备份 & 更新

下载好文件后,进入路由器 Luci 界面,System —-> Backup / Flash Firmware

backup and flash

建议先备份一份配置到本地,备份好后,上传文件,开刷!等待路由器重启后进入后面的步骤。

更新源

关于详细的如何更换源操作,我在LEDE/OpenWRT 路由器打造家庭媒体影音中心(一)中有写,这里仅给出自定义源文件的内容。

vim /etc/opkg/customfeeds.conf

#Tsinghua
src/gz reboot_core https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/targets/mvebu/cortexa9/packages
src/gz reboot_base https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/base
src/gz reboot_luci https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/luci
src/gz reboot_packages https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/packages
src/gz reboot_routing https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/routing
src/gz reboot_telephony https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/telephony

#USTC
#src/gz reboot_core https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/targets/mvebu/cortexa9/packages
#src/gz reboot_base https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/base
#src/gz reboot_luci https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/luci
#src/gz reboot_packages https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/packages
#src/gz reboot_routing https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/routing
#src/gz reboot_telephony https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/lede/releases/18.06.0/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/telephony

#shadowsocks
src/gz openwrt_dist http://openwrt-dist.sourceforge.net/packages/base/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3
src/gz openwrt_dist_luci http://openwrt-dist.sourceforge.net/packages/luci

改好源后,可以使用下面的命令更新软件

opkg update
opkg list-upgradable | cut -f 1 -d ' ' | xargs opkg upgrade

一个无聊的脚本

整个过程到上面就已经结束了,不过本着继(凑)续(字)深(数)挖的态度,花点时间写了个 python 脚本,用来分析所有 ipk 包的升级情况。对了,写这个脚本的时候还发现有个源网址改变了,所以写自定义源的时候一定要注意。

#!/usr/bin/env python3
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
Created on Tue Jul 31 14:40:26 2018

@author: kevin
"""

from requests_html import HTMLSession
from collections import defaultdict

web_main = ['http://downloads.lede-project.org/releases/17.01.5',
            'http://downloads.lede-project.org/releases/18.06.0']
web_packages = [('/targets/mvebu/generic/packages/','/targets/mvebu/cortexa9/packages/'),
                '/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/base',
                '/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/luci',
                '/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/packages',
                '/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/routing',
                '/packages/arm_cortex-a9_vfpv3/telephony']

d = defaultdict(list)
for pack in web_packages:
    for i,main in enumerate(web_main):
        if isinstance(pack,tuple):
            website = main + pack[i]
        else:
            website = main + pack
        session = HTMLSession()
        resp = session.get(website,timeout=10)
        td = resp.html.find('body > table > tr > td > a')
        ispackages = [elem.text for elem in td if elem.text.endswith('.ipk')]
        for p in ispackages:
            packname,version,*_ = p.split('_')
            d[packname].append(version)

output_str = []
for k,v in d.items():
    if len(v) == 1:
        output_str.append('New Add:\t{}'.format(k))
    elif v[0] != v[1]:
        output_str.append('Version Up:\t{}|{} --> {}'.format(k,v[0],v[1]))
    else:
        pass

with open('lede_upgrade.txt','w') as f:
    f.write('\n'.join(output_str))

写完这个脚本才发现有个 bug,~~但是我懒得改了~~,我忽略了在两个版本的相同 packages 包中,一个有某软件包一个没有的情况,也就是说输出文件的New Add不是真正的新增,还有被剔除的包。

两个版本相同源地址的软件包共 6473 个,本次升级有版本升级、新增、剔除的包一共 5665 个,可见大部分还都是进行了例行的升级。

$ cat lede_upgrade.txt|grep "New Add"|wc -l
2180

新增、剔除的包共 2180 个,具体那个是新增哪个是剔除我没有区分出来。

$ cat lede_upgrade.txt|grep "Version Up"|wc -l
3485

版本升级的包有 3485 个,这两项加起来正好 5665 个。

由于版本号的命名十分不规则,本来还想弄个大版本号、次版本号、小版本号的对比,无奈最终还是搁浅了。


相关文章